The different movements of modern art

ABSTRACTED ART

  • When you say that you “abstain” from a pattern, it means that you are simplifying it.
  • If you simplify a subject so much that you can no longer see what it represents. Or if you paint a picture that doesn’t represent anything at all, the painting is called abstract art.
  • Wassily Kandinsky was one of the first to paint completely abstract images. For him, colour was comparable to music.

CUBISM

Paul C├ęzanne (post-impressionist) attempted to reduce the motifs of geometric figures, which inspired artists Pablo Picasso and George Braque to develop Cubism.

Perspectives in the images were distorted. The images were developed so that all perspectives were seen simultaneously. Surfaces that were geometric figures appeared to be adjacent and superimposed and this style began to be called cubism.

Pablo Picasso is probably the artist who is mainly associated with cubism. His style was revolutionary for its time and changed the way we look at art. After him, he was still free to paint and express himself in many different ways without making fun of him.

Picasso also began to insert objects such as newspaper clippings and wallpaper into his pictures and thus invented collage.

FUTURISM

Futurist artists wanted to protest against bourgeois culture and cultural heritage, which they saw as an obstacle not only to art, but to all culture.

They wanted to glorify the new modern society and the future and began to use speed, movement, energy, light, smell, noise and violence.

Tried to capture the dynamic process in a painting and used both photography and film to study moving bodies.

Famous artists: Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Giacomo Balla and Umberto Boccioni.

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