The new form was that of abstract pictorial art, which seeks to pose the interiority and subjectivity of the artist in order to understand what surrounds him and thus become unique.
WHAT IS ABSTRACT ART: FIRST APPROACH TO THE IDEA
To better understand the idea of what an abstract painting represents, we can say that it is characterized by showing in an alternative way the reality that surrounds us. You can even try to represent imaginary elements, dreams and fantasies. All this is not done from a figurative and concrete point of view but is based on the construction of the image through geometric forms, lines, unreal colours, silhouettes and even many elements that are extremely stimulating from the viewer’s visual point of view.
Abstract painting does not seek to represent a scene, a landscape or a body, but seeks to create alternative ways of representing all these same elements. There are those who maintain that a painting of this type is intended to put the artist in more direct contact with his interiority, as it does not give rise to the reality of intervening with images that are known or can be found around us. Thus, an abstract painter does not necessarily paint a landscape but his own subjectivity of that landscape or even something he did not know before but had inside.
THE BREAK WITH ACADEMIC AND FIGURATIVE PAINTING
Historically, most of Western art history has focused on the construction of painting from an empirical or realist point of view. This means that for many centuries it sought to represent what was observed in reality. However, it was at the end of the 19th century with Impressionism that this undeniable way of acting began to change.
Impressionist painters sought to show reality from different points of view, with very heavy brushstrokes that made the real silhouettes of objects lose their true silhouettes. At the same time, they painted the same scenes with different types of light or with more distorted geometrical shapes, visually generating very striking and much criticised effects at the time. They were considered artists who could not paint.
Of them, the avant-guards of the twentieth century had these elements as central reality and disfigured to transform them into unique and rupturist elements, creative and abstract, full of shapes, colours and silhouettes never seen before.